I really prefer to stay away from the political debate because for the most part... at best, it's ignorant propaganda and at worst, evil deception. But, I want to say a few things on the subject since the discussion doesn't seem to cease.
First, the thing you will never hear in any debate on TV and is the most important issue. The right for a person to defend themselves, their family and their home from harm is a basic human right. Believe it or not, this is one of the most HUMAN rights there is. And the gun is what makes everyone into equals. A 100 pound woman or a 70 year old man is just as effective a deterrent as a able bodied police officer when armed. Just ask a criminal or someone who was shot by them.
Second, the second amendment doesn't give anyone any rights to guns or anything else. The founders recognized that armed defense of one's self and one's property was a individual right given to us by God. The second amendment is written as a list of things the Federal government explicitly is restricted from even touching. This is made very clear in the Preamble to the Bill of Rights which says:
"THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution." (You won't hear that on TV either... or even at any of the law schools these days...)
Third, the wording of the Second Amendment is simple and very clear. It says:
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
Now remember, this is a restriction, as we read in the Preamble, on the Federal government. It's going to come as a surprise to many but up until WW1, the United States didn't have a standing army. We relied on each able bodied man to be a part of a local militia. They had to possess and maintain a combat rifle and ammunition and be ready to muster several times a year. This was a very effective form of national defense. Abraham Lincoln stated in 1838 "All the armies of Europe, Asia and Africa combined, with all the treasure of the earth (our own excepted) in their military chest; with a Buonaparte for a commander, could not by force, take a drink from the Ohio, or make a track on the Blue Ridge, in a trial of a thousand years." During WW2, 100 years later, the Japanese did not even consider invading the USA. After the attack at Pearl Harbor the famous Admiral Yamamoto suggested that the Japanese could not invade America because there would be a rifle behind each blade of grass. Even into the 1950's high schools across the nation allowed kids to bring firearms to school to practice and marksmanship teams were as popular as football teams are today. This is the history they don't teach today and fail to mention at every opportunity. No one would or could attack because it would have been insanity... and terrorists as well would have been ineffective as well. We had a very safe and civil society. But now jump ahead 50 years and Americans have been lulled to sleep and fed fear and propaganda so long they can't tell which way is up. Across the world each and every country minus Switzerland (which still has a Militia and has not been attacked in 400 years) and Israel (which despite all the turmoil you see on TV is a very safe country) the average citizen has been disarmed. England, Australia and South Africa in the late 90's. If we we're still practicing the Constitution in the USA, what should be happening is the government should be handing out assault rifles to each and every able bodied citizen.
"A well armed society is a polite society." Robert A. Heinlein
Fourth, the statistics. Lies, Bloody Lies and Statistics. Once again, don't believe the hype. Just like the War on Terror, the War on Poverty, the War on Drugs this is the politicians selling a ideal that will never be realized on contrived facts and deception. The fact is, over the past 15 years, violent crime in the USA has dropped by 50% as gun ownership has gone up. And if you compare the USA to England, who 12 years ago disarmed their population... the USA is three and a half times safer when it comes to violent crime. The USA isn't even in the top ten in gun violence even though there is nearly 9 guns for every 10 people. The following video will explain:
As we all know the USA is the last bastion for people's right to defend themselves. Switzerland is for the bankers and their money (they know how to protect it) We are under attack from forces beyond the two bit politicians in Washington DC, they are just errand boys for the real money that would prefer to see the entire world live in fear of government. With a very small very wealthy elite protected by a well armed government and the rest of us as serfs. "All political power comes from the barrel of a gun" ~ Mao
So, this isn't even a debate about the eradication of guns, this is a struggle between those who believe in individual rights vs. the elite's errand boys otherwise known as collectivists. Even if they take all the guns from citizens... then only the criminals will have guns... the ones we don't know but would be called megabillionaires (and their cronies) as well as the two-bit burglars, murderers and rapists. They'll have the perfect opportunity to fill us with a whole new level of fear and dependency.
But, if they don't succeed... we might just have a bright future if people open their eyes and realize what's going on. We might just get that polite society after all...and the real beauty is we don't have to wage War at all just get people to understand that their safety isn't the responsibility of the US government, the police or anyone other than them self. Power to the People!!!
I will add one caveat. There was gun control in the USA prior to the first federal gun control law in 1934. It was on slaves. If you look at the decision of the Supreme Court ruling of the 1857 Dredd Scott case one of the preeminent rights that differentiated a free man from a slave was the ability to bear arms.